In recent years, the process of storing and transporting information by individuals and institutions has become much more accessible and more manageable with developments in the scope of information technologies. This development has improved the act of information transfer to new heights.
However, the ease and speed of access to information raise some threats for both individuals and institutions. Besides, as a consequence of intense use and activity on electronic media, distributing and preserving information brings various security risks and problems.
This is where information security and cybersecurity step in. They equally protect the data of the entities belonging to the parties in question. However, there is quite a differentiation of these terms in the sense of linguistic meaning. Besides that, information security and cybersecurity differ from each other in both scope and objective. Cybersecurity is a sub-category under the information security field that focuses on technology-related security threats performed on electronic media and by its tools. In contrast, information security refers to a broad and comprehensive concept of securing private data.
The growing number of violations and attacks on security systems give rise to individuals experiencing the prevention and breach of their personal information, rights, and in some cases, financial loss. Similarly, institutions experience a loss in their reputation, reliance, and financial standing. The slightest negligence gives rise to information falling into the hands of people or third parties who are unauthorized, with no permission to access it.
Information security and cybersecurity are challenged by technical failings, inappropriate use of technology, inadequate understanding of information security, and in addition to all these, unawareness of the potential risks. Technological measures, in some cases, are not sufficient to ensure the information security of individuals or institutions. To prevent these kinds of incidents, it is crucial to provide an environment of awareness within both individual and institutional boundaries. For individuals, one should need to make sure that the online platforms, media tools, or technology-related media channels in which they exchange their personal data are safe.
With self-awareness, individuals can be aware of the potential information violations they might experience and should act in accordance with that risk. For instance, by using safe passwords, keeping up with the latest security software programs in the devices, and mostly being cautious of the potential dangers, Individuals can at least ensure their own safety and protection of their personal space. It carries significant importance for people, institutions, and companies to pay more attention to these risks in order to maintain their reliability and the continuation of their activities safely. As an institution, ensuring information security entails protecting the market, product, technology, and organizational information that the institution has to sustain profit and long-term growth.
Information security and cybersecurity allow informational assets to be safe by preventing unauthorized access to electronic systems and controlling it according to information and communication technologies. In information security and cybersecurity, the main objective for institutions should be ensuring that the parties which exchange information understand the responsibility of protecting the data during the process.
The most important and most effective security measure is the training and awareness of the institution's employees. Raising security awareness among employees should be about how information should be protected and how it should be secured against possible kinds of threats. In the process of raising institutional awareness, it should be emphasized that employees, suppliers of the institution, and also its shareholders are in charge of information security.
It should also focus on the application of the process, such as when and how it should be conducted. In institutions, there should be training and awareness programs depending on the needs or expectations, duties, and positions of employees. The goal of that security awareness program should be to stimulate individuals by encouraging them to evaluate the situation from their own perspective about why information security is essential and how they should react in particular incidents. Institutions should enhance information;
● security awareness
● encourage personal ownership of information system integrity and security
● generate a greater understanding of information security and cyber security systems
If necessary, in that sense, a consultancy service can also be provided.
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